Just a few weeks in the past, an unofficial assembly with Muslim medical college students at Thrissur Medical Faculty was held by a spiritual group to debate how LGBTQIA+ is anti-Islam and anti-science. Whereas such opinions are sometimes shared on social media, it’s a trigger for concern when medical college students are indoctrinated with such concepts. Though this was an unofficial non-public occasion, it’s worrying that there’s rampant homophobia and transphobia even within the official textbooks and curriculum of Indian medical graduates.
In the identical state of Kerala, the Kerala Supreme Court docket final 12 months ordered the Nationwide Medical Fee to take away queerphobic content material from medical books in response to a request from Kerala NGOs Queerythm and Disha. This was across the identical time final 12 months that Madras Excessive Court docket Justice N. Anand Venkatesh cracked down on the Nationwide Medical Fee to take away homophobic and transphobic content material from medical textbooks.
The Nationwide Medical Fee, which governs medical schooling in India, shortly issued an govt order to all medical faculties and universities to make sure that unscientific and derogatory remarks concerning the LGBTQIA+ group should not taught and that textbooks containing such content material should not included within the curriculum be included. Whereas the Nationwide Medical Fee was fast to cross the buck, it hasn’t mounted its personal home. The latest NMC competency-based medical schooling nonetheless has problematic references in terms of intersex individuals, the transgender group and girls. This has been dropped at the eye of NMC repeatedly, however they’ve ignored it.
The writer (Aqsa) not too long ago wrote to NMC proposing a transgender affirmative medical curriculum that not solely screens out transphobic content material, but in addition contains competencies to make sure future medical graduates are competent to mentor queer people in a scientifically correct, delicate, and dignified method . This proposed curriculum was developed as a part of the TransCare undertaking by means of consultative workshops with the transgender group, transmedical college students and physicians, medical educators and medical professionals offering providers to the group.
Making certain that the medical curriculum is revised to make it trans-inclusive can be a mandate of the Transgender Individuals Safety of Rights Act of 2019. Part 15 of the Act requires the federal government to overview the medical curriculum to handle the precise well being wants of transgender individuals to turn out to be group.
For a very long time, homosexuality was not solely against the law of “unnatural sexual offences” and was punished in accordance with § 377, however was additionally thought of a psychological sickness. As not too long ago as 2018, India’s Supreme Court docket dominated that sexual exercise between consenting same-sex adults is neither unlawful nor punishable. Persistent efforts by the queer group ensured that just about 5 a long time earlier, in 1973, the American Psychiatric Affiliation eliminated homosexuality as a analysis from its DSM handbook, which is used to diagnose psychological sickness.
Within the WHO Worldwide Classification of Ailments, the eleventh version of which comes into drive this 12 months, transness and homosexuality are not labeled as problems. Again house in India, the Indian Psychiatric Society has issued a place assertion that homosexuality is just not a illness and shouldn’t be handled as such. It was made clear that any type of remedy to deal with homosexuality shouldn’t be practiced as it’s not a illness and such “therapies” are on no account profitable.
The Madras Excessive Court docket in 2021 in Sushma vs Commissioner of Police banned conversion remedy or any try to medically treatment or change sexual orientation or gender identification. It’s noteworthy that no laws particularly prohibits or penalizes conversion remedy, significantly that performed with consent. Regardless of clear pointers, conversion remedy for homosexuality remains to be secretly practiced by psychiatrists, medical doctors, unlicensed medical doctors and religion healers.
Pushed by the identical Madras Excessive Court docket directive, the NMC not too long ago clarified that it prohibits conversion therapies from making an attempt to alter sexual orientation and gender identification, and that such follow will likely be thought of skilled misconduct and acted upon accordingly. It’s attention-grabbing to notice that whereas the Nationwide Medical Council regulates solely trendy medical schooling (allopathy), there’s presently no comparable coverage for AYUSH drugs programs or religion healers that a good portion of our inhabitants subscribes to. It could require a broader understanding of the Psychological Well being Act, numerous legal guidelines towards superstition and black magic, and insurance policies towards deceptive promoting to curb such inhumane and unscientific practices.
Because the queer group continues to face discriminatory remedy from medical doctors skilled in a trans and homophobic medical system, we want a spread of reforms – authorized, instructional and social to make sure that future medical graduates should not simply spared the queerphobic educating additionally skilled in scientific and human understanding and coping with their queer sufferers. We should not restrict this to simply trendy drugs graduates, but in addition embrace AYUSH medical college students and the coaching of different well being professionals comparable to dentistry, nursing and rehabilitation sciences.
We should additionally keep in mind that merely passing on orders is just not sufficient except they’re carried out. In 2022, we can not enable unscientific, inhumane, unlawful, discriminatory and biased indoctrination to tell present and future well being professionals who safe entry to life-saving well being providers.
(The writer is an affiliate professor of group drugs. She is a transgender girl and has proposed to the Nationwide Medical Fee to include transgender affirmative medical coaching. She tweets with the deal with @doctorsaheba.)